Power Generating Systems and Operations


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    501 Power Generation

    501-01 Energy Conversion
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how energy from fossil and renewable fuels is captured and converted into electrical energy. In addition, you will be able to discuss efficiency and the role it plays in energy conversions.

    501-02 System Turbine Basics
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic operation of a typical power plant’s steam turbine and identify the functions of its critical components.

    501-03 Combustion System Component Overview
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the equipment used to prepare and control natural gas, fuel oil, and coal as it is burned in the boiler. In addition, you will be able to identify some advantages and disadvantages of using each type of fuel in a power plant.

    501-04 Boiler Water and Steam Cycle Overview
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe where boiler water comes from and how it enters and flows through a boiler. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic flow path the steam follows from the boiler to the steam turbine.

    501-05 Generator Overview
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the relationship between electrical usage and generator output. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic principles of producing electricity using an electromagnet.

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    505 Turbine Auxiliaries System and Control

    505-01 Steam Turbine Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic components that comprise a typical steam turbine and explain the purpose of each. In addition, you will be able to trace the steam flow path through a typical steam turbine.

    505-02 Steam Turbine Valves and Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able describe the basic operation of the valves that control the speed and operation of a typical steam turbine.

    505-03 Steam Turbine Auxiliaries
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of components found in a typical turbine lube oil system and gland steam seal system.

    505-10 Steam Turbine Governor System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the components and function of a typical turbine governor system.

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    507 Generator and Auxiliary Systems and Control

    507-01 Generator and Auxiliary Systems’ Functions
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the functions performed by the generator and its auxiliary components.

    507-02 Generator and Auxiliary Systems’ Flow Paths and Major Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the flow paths associated with the major components that support generator operation.

    507-03 Generator Construction and Process Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe generator construction and explain some of the principles behind generator operation and process control.

    507-04 Generator and Auxiliary Systems’ Start-up
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the steps to start-up the generator and establish it on the electrical grid.

    507-05 Generator and Auxiliary Systems’ Normal Operations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe tasks performed during normal operations of the generator and auxiliary systems.

    507-06 Generator and Auxiliary Systems’ Shutdown
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe your role during shutdown of the generator and its auxiliary components.

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    511 Combustion Turbine Fundamentals

    511-01 Gas Turbine Fundamentals and Configuration of Generating Facilities
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss basic design of a simple cycle power plant and the function and operation of its fundamental piece of equipment, the combustion turbine.

    511-05 Heavy Duty Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the heavy duty gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s basic components and general operation.

    511-07 Aero-derivative Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the aero-derivative gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s major components and support systems.

    511-10 Fundamentals of Gas Turbine Operation and Routine Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will be familiar with several common procedures for operating and maintaining a combustion turbine (CT) as well as some conditions that require emergency procedures.

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    521 Combustion Air and Flue Gas System

    521-01 Introduction to Combustion Air and Flue Gas Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how the overall combustion process works and demonstrate a working knowledge of the combustion air and flue gas systems.

    521-02 Combustion Air and Flue Gas Flow Paths and Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to trace the flow paths of typical power plant combustion air and flue gas systems. You will also be able to describe the operation of major components within those flow paths.

    521-03 Control Loops and Methods of Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss how control loops and methods of control can safely direct operational events in a power plant.

    521-04 Combustion Air and Flue Gas System Start-up
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the steps performed to put the boiler fan operation system into service.

    521-05 Maintaining Fan Operations in Combustion Air and Flue Gas Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how to perform the checks and monitoring necessary to maintain operation of fans and their components.

    521-06 Shut Down Process
    When you complete this lesson, you will have an overall understanding of the shutdown process and general knowledge of an operator’s shutdown responsibilities.

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    522 Coal Handling System

    522-01 Coal Handling System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify common coal handling processes. You will also be able to discuss the operation of essential pieces of equipment used at the plant site.

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    523 Boiler Fuel Systems

    523-01 Boiler Fuel System Function
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the functions of the boiler fuel system and differentiate among types of boiler fuel systems.

    523-02 Process and Methods of Control for the Boiler Fuel System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the digital control system that regulates and automates the components of the boiler fuel system to attain specific setpoints and meet desired production loads.

    523-03 Boiler Fuel System Start-up
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to apply standard procedures for initiating the boiler fuel system components during start-up.

    523-04 Normal Operation of the Boiler Fuel Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the normal operation of the components of the boiler fuel system.

    523-05 Shutdown for the Boiler Fuel System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the controlled and emergency shutdown procedures for the feeders and pulverizers.

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    531 Hydrocarbon Fired Boilers

    531-01 Combustion Theory
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the different types of fossil fuels commonly used in an industrial setting, and explain some characteristics of the fuels. In addition, you will be able to describe the elements and conditions that must be present in order for the combustion of fuel to take place.

    531-02 Basic Boiler Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain why different types of boilers are used in for different processes. In addition, you will be able to describe the basic components that make up a fire tube and water tube boiler and explain the circulation paths through each type of boiler.

    531-03 Boiler Valves and Fittings
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the different types of valves, gauges, and steam traps used in the operation of a steam boiler. In addition, you will be able to explain how these steam fittings are used to safely operate a steam boiler.

    531-04 Boiler Fuel and Air Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the basic equipment found in high pressure gas systems and fuel oil systems and describe the design and operation of fuel oil burners. In addition, you will be able to describe boiler draft and identify the different equipment used to control draft in a boiler.

    531-05 Boiler Water and Steam Cycle
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the basic components that make up a condensate and feedwater system and describe the flow path through those systems. In addition, you will be able to explain the difference between saturated steam and superheated steam and identify the factors that affect the quality of steam.

    531-06 Boiler Heat Recovery Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the equipment used to recover waste heat in a boiler. In addition, you will be able to describe the basic design and operation of a superheater, economizer, and air preheater.

    531-07 Scrubbers and Ash Removal Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the primary pollutants emitted from fossil fired boilers. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic design and operation of baghouses, electrostatic precipitators, and scrubbers.

    531-08 Boiler Operator Roles and Responsibilities
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the work environment a boiler operator is subject to and describe the primary responsibilities of a boiler operator.

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    533 Boiler Firing Controls and Components

    533-01 Fuel Combustion and Controls
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to understand the importance of complete combustion and describe the components used to make this possible. You will distinguish the different types of fuel controls used on a pulverized unit and a cyclone unit.

    533-02 Boiler Burner Controls and Management
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the different control types used, control hardware, and the effects of optimizing combustion. You will understand the system requirements for burner management, including flame monitoring techniques and scanning coal flames.

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    535 Fundamental Aspects of Emission Controls

    535-01 Flue Gas Desulfurization System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of control systems that remove sulfur oxides and particulates from flue gas. In addition, you will be able to outline recovery systems, which extract and concentrate the sulfur oxides present in flue gas and convert them into usable by-products.

    535-02 Flue Gas Desulfurization System, Open Spray Design, Part 1
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to understand how the design of the open spray FGDS effectively reduces SO2 and provides substantial flexibility in meeting SO2 emissions requirements.

    535-03 Flue Gas Desulfurization System, Open Spray Design, Part 2
    When you complete this lesson, you will have an understanding of the overall process of cleaning the SO2 out of flue gas. In addition, you will have general knowledge of each of the systems used to accomplish this.

    535-04 Dry Scrubber Operation
    When you complete this lesson you will be able to describe dry scrubber design and function. In addition, you will be able to compare the results of different installations, and describe some subtle design and operational differences that are believed to account for the higher pollutant removal efficiencies.

    535-05 Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain what SCR is and its importance, as well as identify the components that the SCR consists of.

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    551 Circulating Water System

    551-01 Introduction to the Circulating Water System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and operation of a circulating water system.

    551-02 Function of the Circulating Water System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and operation of a circulating water system.

    551-03 Circulating Water System Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the components that make up a circulating water system and explain their functions.

    551-04 Circulating Water System Start-up
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the steps required to safely start the circulating water system.

    551-05 Circulating Water System Normal Operations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how to monitor and adjust the circulating water system during normal operations.

    551-06 Circulating Water System Shutdown
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe circulating water system shutdown procedures.

    551-07 Circulating Water System Controls
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe typical instruments and control systems used with the circulating water system.

    551-08 Cooling Towers: Operating Principles and Designs
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the operating principles of a cooling tower and identify and describe various cooling tower designs.

    551-09 Cooling Towers: Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able describe the basic structural, mechanical and electrical components used in the construction and operation of cooling towers.

    551-10 Air Cooled Condenser (In Production)
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe basic design principles, structural components, and operating considerations of industrial air cooled condensers. You will also be able to describe the flow of water for condensation of steam in an A-frame air cooled condenser and discuss typical maintenance procedures for ACCs.

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    553 Condensate and Feedwater Systems

    553-01 Introduction to the Condensate System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the purpose and operation of all major components in the condensate system. In addition, you will be able to discuss the basic relationship between the condensate and feedwater systems.

    553-02 Introduction to the Feedwater System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic purpose and operation of the major components typically found in a feedwater system. In addition, you will be able to further explain the relationship between the condensate and feedwater systems during boiler operation.

    553-03 Condensate and Feedwater Systems Operation
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic procedures for the start-up and operation of the condensate and feedwater systems.

    553-04 Condensate and Feedwater System Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain steam drum level control methods and discuss their overall relationship to condensate and feedwater flow. In addition, you will be able to describe different types of level measurement used in the condensate and feedwater systems.

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    555 Boiler Feed Pumps

    555-01 Boiler Feed Pumps and Associated Auxiliary Equipment
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of a typical boiler feed pump.

    555-02 Boiler Feed Pump Flow Path and Major Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the feedwater flow path and describe how various components contribute to its progress.

    555-03 Boiler Feed Pump Water Supply and Control Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the value of maintaining proper water levels in the hotwell, deaerator, and steam drum. You will also be able to describe how built-in controls help maintain a balanced system.

    555-04 Boiler Feed Pump Start-up
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the proper steps to place a boiler feed pump in service.

    555-05 Boiler Feed Pump Daily Operations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe routine tests associated with the boiler feed pump and explain the importance of performing them regularly. You will also be able to explain what steps may be taken in response to test results.

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    557 Boiler Water and Steam Systems

    557-01 Function of the Boiler Water and Steam Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the function of the boiler water and the steam systems. You will also be able to distinguish between forced and natural circulation boilers.

    557-02 Flow Paths and Components of the Boiler Water and Steam Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the major components of boiler water and steam systems and explain their functions.

    557-03 Process Controls for the Boiler Water and Steam Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the process and controls of the boiler water and steam systems.

    557-04 Start-up Procedures for the Boiler Water and Steam Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and explain the general start-up procedures for a boiler’s steam and water cycle.

    557-05 Normal Operation of the Boiler Steam and Water Cycle
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the normal operations of the water and steam cycle within a power generating unit, the relationship of components within the system, and the effect of adjustments made to those components that may affect the efficiency and safety of the plant’s normal operation.

    557-06 Shutdown of the Boiler Water and Steam Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and explain the shutdown process for the steam and water systems in the boiler.

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    559 Water Treatment

    559-01 Molecular Chemistry of Water
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss which elements combine to form water and why they bond. You will also learn some basic history of water and its special characteristics.

    559-02 Elements and the Periodic Table of Elements
    When you complete this lesson, you will understand how elements are named, grouped, and listed on the periodic table.

    559-03 Chemical Compounds
    When you have completed this lesson, you will be able to identify individual compounds and describe their creation, reactions, and bonds. You will also be able to demonstrate a working knowledge of solutions.

    559-04 Corrosion Causes and Effects
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the causes and effects of the various types of corrosion found throughout the water and steam systems in a industrial facility.

    559-05 Corrosion Control in Steam Production
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how corrosion affects various systems within a steam production facility and explain how to detect common failures caused by excessive corrosion. In addition, you’ll be able to identify causes and discuss means employed to control corrosion.

    559-06 Steam Chemistry Control and Guidelines
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the importance of steam purity and chemistry to the steam turbine. In addition, you will be able to identify how water and steam chemistry are monitored and controlled.

    559-07 Industrial Water Treatment Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the water pretreatment and treatment process, as it may exist in a typical industrial plant. In addition, you will be able to discuss chemical cleaning options for boilers and turbines.

    559-08 Introduction to Desalination
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to define desalination and discuss its importance to society. You will also be able to describe membrane and thermal technologies used for the desalination process, as well as the purpose of pre- and post-treatment systems.

    559-09 Desalination: Pre- and Post-treatment of Water
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss industry standard pre- and post-treatment applications for desalinated water. You will also be able to discuss concerns associated with bringing seawater into a desalination system for processing, and describe specific pre- and post-treatment applications common to processing water through reverse osmosis and thermal distillation desalination systems.

    559-10 Reverse Osmosis 
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the scientific principles on which reverse osmosis (RO) technology is based and explain the primary function of a reverse osmosis desalination system. You will also be able to identify the key components of a typical reverse osmosis system, with an emphasis on membrane technology, and describe the importance of permeate recovery percentage.

    559-11 Thermal Desalination Technologies
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the principles on which thermal desalination technologies are based and explain the importance waste heat or steam plays in multiple effect distillation (MED) and multi-stage flash (MSF) systems. You will also be able to discuss the key components of MED and MSF systems, including the function of evaporators, condensers, demisters, and brine heaters. And you will be able to distinguish between multi-stage flash and multiple effect distillation technologies by comparing the differences between them.

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    560 Plant Electrical Systems

    560-01 Main Transformers
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the overall design and function of a main station transformer. In addition, you will be able to discuss systems and inspections related to transformer protection.

    560-02 Station Service System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the general design and operation of a station service system.

    560-03 Fuses and Circuit Breakers
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the design and function of commonly used fuses and circuit breakers, and how to test and protect them.

    560-04 Plant Protection: Protective Relays and Instrument Transformers
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of various types of protective relays and instrument transformers used to protect electrical circuits and equipment.

    560-05 Equipment Disconnects and Grounding
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of disconnects used to isolate electrical circuits. You will also be able to explain some methods of grounding plant equipment.

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    561 Unit Start-up and Shutdown

    561-01 Preparing for Power Plant Start-ups
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic checks that must be performed on plant equipment, including the boiler, turbine, and generator, prior to a power plant start-up.

    561-02 Power Plant Start-up Procedures
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic concepts and typical tasks associated with putting a fossil fuel-fired power plant on-line.

    561-03 Preparing for Power Plant Shutdowns
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic tasks that must be performed on plant equipment prior to a power plant shutdown.

    561-04 Power Plant Shutdown Procedures
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic steps associated with taking a fossil fuel-fired power plant off-line. In addition, you will be able to explain how operators prepare a power plant for an annual outage.

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    563 Efficiency, Reliability, and Environmentally Sensitive Operations

    563-01 Basic Power Plant Efficiency
    When you complete this lesson you will be able to explain the relationship between energy, work and efficiency. Heat Rate, the term used to express power plant efficiency will be part of your vocabulary. You will be able to explain how the boiler, turbine cycle and generator comprise plant heat rate. You will be able to explain how heat rate is affected by key plant parameters known as performance parameters. Finally, you will be able to explain the roles of operations, maintenance, engineering and plant management in the plant Heat Rate program.

    563-02 Water and Steam Terms and Principles
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the relationship between energy, temperature, and the phases of water. You will also be able to describe the concept and importance of latent heat, the heat associated with phase changes of water without a temperature change. Given the weights of both steam and liquid water in a vessel, you will be able to calculate quality and moisture content. You will be able to explain the relationship of a subcooled liquid, saturated liquid, saturated steam, latent heat of vaporization, and superheated steam on a provided temperature/enthalpy diagram.

    563-03 Heat Transfer Principles
    When you complete this lesson you will be able to state the primary parameter that causes heat transfer. You will be able to explain the three types of heat transfer and the characteristics of them. You will also be able to describe conditions and problems that negatively affect proper heat transfer. Finally, you will be able to determine heat transfer rate given operating parameters in heat transfer equipment.

    563-04 Laws and Principles of Thermodynamics
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain thermodynamics. You will also be able to describe thermodynamic terms in your own words. You will also be able to explain the relationship of thermodynamic principles to plant efficiency.

    563-05 Performance Parameters
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to list several key operating parameters that affect efficiency. You will also be able to describe in your own words problems that can prevent key operating parameters from being operated at optimum level. You will be able to calculate the approximate extra fuel cost associated with operating a key performance parameter off of design value.

    563-06 Balancing Efficiency, Availability, Capability and Flexibility
    When you complete this lesson you will be able to explain efficiency, capability, flexibility and availability in your own words. You will be able to describe the concept of economic dispatch. You will also be able to discuss running and shutdown reserves and the reasons they are important.

    563-07 Instrumentation and Controls
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the basic operation of a boiler following instrumentation and control system. You will be able to describe the effects when actual parameter values are different than what is indicated. You will also be able to explain common responses to instrumentation and control problems.

    563-08 Boiler Efficiency
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe boiler efficiency and explain how it is determined. You will be able to discuss the major factors that can cause an increase or decrease in boiler efficiency.

    563-09 Boiler Reliability
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the importance of maintaining proper boiler parameters. You will also be able to identify several things that can decrease a boiler’s reliability.

    563-10 Turbine Efficiency
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how to calculate turbine efficiency. You will also be able to describe how parameters, components, and problems can affect turbine efficiency.

    563-11 Condenser Efficiency
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how to evaluate and maintain condenser efficiency.

    563-12 Condenser Operation and Reliability
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe methods of troubleshooting condensers and identify symptoms of several problems that can negatively affect condenser reliability. You will also be able to discuss methods of remedying specific condenser problems and optimizing operational performance.

    563-13 Feedwater Heater Operation and Efficiency
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe feedwater heater operations and discuss problems that affect performance.

    563-14 Pump Efficiency and Reliability
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe commonly used pumps and discuss their maintenance.

    563-15 Environmentally Sensitive Operations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss a power plant’s potential environmental impacts and describe methods to minimize them.

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    565 Plant Control System

    565-01 Distributed Control System Fundamentals
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of a typical distributed control system (DCS).

    565-02 Distributed Control System Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to list the components associated with a common distributed control system (DCS) and describe their functions.

    565-03 Using DistributedControl System Diagrams
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic symbols and parts of a logic diagram. You will also be able to explain how to use a DCS logic diagram as a troubleshooting tool.

    565-04 Power Plant Unit Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic design and function of a boiler-following instrumentation and control system.

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    567 Heat Rate Optimization

    567-01 Understanding the Basic Properties of Water and Steam
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the properties of water in its liquid, solid, and gaseous states. In addition, you will be able to explain how heat and pressure effect changes between these states.

    567-02 Saturated Steam Tables
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the terms associated with the physical characteristics of water, saturated steam, and superheated steam. In addition, you will be able to interpret and discuss the information illustrated in steam tables.

    567-03 Superheated Steam Tables
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the physical characteristics of superheated steam under various conditions. In addition, you will have the ability to interpret the information found in superheated steam tables and employ it in practical applications.

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    581 Diesel Power Plant Operations

    581-01 Diesel Engines for Power Generation
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and operation of a diesel engine. In addition, you will be able to explain the importance of the diesel generator.

    581-02 Diesel Engine Support Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will understand the operation and importance of the supporting systems that make the diesel engine run and operate efficiently.

    581-03 Diesel-Powered Generation
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe applications for diesel-powered generators and explain the effects they have on society and the environment.

    581-04 Diesel Power Plant Operations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe basic diesel power plant operations.

    581-05 Diesel Plant Control Systems and Protective Devices
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of a typical control panel and identify its primary components. You will also be able to explain the importance of the protective devices built into the system.

    581-06 Diesel Plant Routine Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe routine diesel inspections and discuss their contribution to safe and efficient operations.

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    582 Combined Cycle Power Plant Operations

    582-01 Combined Cycle Power Plants
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic thermal cycles of a combined cycle power plant. You will also be able to list advantages and disadvantages of various combined cycle configurations and define common terminology associated with combined cycle operations.

    582-02 Combined Cycle Power Plant Components
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and describe the major components of a combined cycle power plant.

    582-03 HRSG – Flow Path and Major Equipment
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and describe the major components and flow paths of a HRSG.

    582-04 HRSG – Auxiliary Equipment and Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify some auxiliary systems that may be found in a HRSG and recall their purpose and benefit to the unit.

    582-05 HRSG - Basic Operating Concerns and Conditions
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the steps to startup and shutdown the HRSG, and the steps to confirm it is operating normally. Additionally, conditions that may cause concern during operation will be covered.

    582-06 Combined Cycle Steam and Feedwater Operating Principles
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the feedwater and steam flowpaths in a typical combined cycle power plant. You will also be able to explain the HRSG design principles governing plant operation.

    582-07 Combined Cycle Condensate and Circulating Water Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the flow paths of the condensate and circulating water systems and describe their major components. You will also be able to explain the design principles governing the operation of these systems.

    582-08 Combined Cycle Auxiliary Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the function and operation of the auxiliary components and systems found in a typical combined cycle power plant.

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    583 Hydroelectric Power Plant Operations

    583-01 The Hydroelectric Role in the Power System
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the advantages of hydroelectric power and describe the significant contributions of hydroelectric energy to the environment and economy.

    583-02 Hydroelectric Power Stations
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the major components in a hydroelectric power station. You will also examine the operations of hydroelectric power stations, describe variations among them, and explain the components common to each hydropower generating station.

    583-03 Water Management
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the various issues of water management and their impacts on hydroelectric power generation.

    583-04 Hydroelectric Generators
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and describe the operations of the hydroelectric power generator and the component of the lower unit.

    583-05 Generator Monitoring and Control
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the monitoring and controlling of the generator in hydroelectric generating stations by identifying the various components of the turbine and generator and explaining their functions.

    583-06 Hydroelectric Plant Auxiliaries
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the auxiliary systems inside a hydroelectric power plant.

    583-07 Operating Electrical Equipment in a Hydroelectric Plant
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the standard procedures for operating electrical equipment in a hydroelectric plant, including lockout/tagout procedures, start-up, and shutdown procedures.

    583-08 Mechanical Governor
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify components of the mechanical governor and be able to describe its operations.

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    584 Biomass Energy

    584-01 Introduction to Biomass Power Plants
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able define biomass and list common biomass fuels used in the production of electricity. You will also be able to describe biomass storage, fuel handling equipment and various configurations of biomass boilers.

    584-02 Biomass and Waste to Energy Power Plants
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the difference between mass burn and refuse derived fuel waste to energy plants. You will be able to describe the types of fuel and the fuel processing that takes place in these facilities. You will be able to describe the combustions systems utilized in these facilities.

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    585 Wind Energy

    585-01 Basic Wind Turbine Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how a wind turbine harnesses the kinetic energy in wind and converts it into useful mechanical energy. In addition, you will be able to identify the principle components that comprise a typical, modern wind turbine.

    585-02 Wind Farm Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the factors that must be considered when identifying a possible location for a wind farm.

    585-03 Horizontal Wind Turbine Design and Operation
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how wind flowing over the blades causes the turbine rotor to turn. In addition, you will be able to describe the operation of wind turbine components and discuss how wind turbines are controlled.

    585-04 Wind Energy Production
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the relationship between the size of a wind farm and its corresponding capacity factor. In addition, you will be able to explain how wind energy impacts traditional energy markets.

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    586 Reciprocating Engine Power Plants

    586-01 Introduction to Reciprocating Engine Power Plants
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the operation of a reciprocating engine and describe the common configurations in which it can be used in power generation facilities.

    586-03 Fundamentals of Reciprocating Engine Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the major types of reciprocating engines and their fuel sources. You will also be able to describe the function of the major components of a reciprocating engine as applied to power generation.

    586-05 Reciprocating Engine Auxiliary Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the operation of the major systems commonly found in a reciprocating engine power plant and describe their major components.

    586-06 Reciprocating Engine Electrical and Control Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the electrical control modes used to maintain engine speed and the control systems used for starting, stopping, and maintaining safe engine operation.

    586-09 Generator Control in Reciprocating Engine Power Plants
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain generator operation modes and the methods used to control generator output voltage. You will also be able to describe ways the automatic generator control system regulates loading and protects against faults on the generator output.

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    587 Nuclear Energy

    587-01 Nuclear Power Principles and Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the basic theory and operation of a nuclear power plant. You will also be able to explain the basic process of nuclear fission and describe various nuclear reactor designs.

    587-02 PWR and BWR Operation and Design
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe and explain the operating principles and design of the two major types of nuclear power plants.

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    589 Solar Energy

    589-01 Introduction to Solar Energy
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the benefits of solar power generation and how solar power can be used to augment power generation from fossil fuels. You will also be able to describe the most common methods of solar power generation in use today.

    589-03 Solar Energy - Photovoltaic
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the purpose of a photovoltaic cell and describe how they can be arranged to form arrays suitable for power generation. You will also be able to describe the common components required to support power generation from photovoltaic systems.

    589-05 Solar Energy – Thermal Applications
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how concentrated solar power can be used to generate electricity. You will also be able to describe the function and operation of the components that make up a functioning solar thermal power generating system.