Recently Completed Courses


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    March 2017

    215-15 Pressure Regulator Valves
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic design and function of common types of pressure regulating valves used in industrial facilities.

    • Identify basic characteristics of pressure regulating valves
    • Describe the basic operation of self-operating/pilot valves
    • Describe the basic operation of direct control valves
    • Describe the basic operation of fluid pressure regulating valves

    345-01 Overview for Generator Operators
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the requirements and standards associated with NERC accountable non-system operator Generator Operators.

    • Identify the purpose of NERC and the role of a GOP
    • Identify BAL standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify COM standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify CIP standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify EOP standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify IRO standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify PRC standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify TOP standards applicable to the GOP
    • Identify VAR standards applicable to the GOP

    511-10 Fundamentals of Gas Turbine Operation and Routine Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will be familiar with several common procedures for operating and maintaining a combustion turbine (CT) as well as some conditions that require emergency procedures.

    • Describe pre-start up maintenance/inspection, and windmilling parameters
    • Describe the basic startup process for a combustion turbine (CT)
    • Describe the basics of swapping fuel types, and the risks involved
    • Explain how the environment affects the CT (high and low temperature, barometric pressure, etc.)
    • Identify emergency procedures and the conditions in which they would be implemented
    • Explain the purpose of a water wash
    • Explain what a load commutated inverter is and how it communicates with the exciter to start a combustion turbine

    589-01 Introduction to Solar Energy
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the benefits of solar power generation and how solar power can be used to augment power generation from fossil fuels. You will also be able to describe the most common methods of solar power generation in use today.

    • Describe the benefits of solar power production
    • List common ways solar energy can be used to augment traditional fossil fuel generation
    • Explain how energy storage systems are used to overcome deficiencies in solar power production
    • Describe how a photovoltaic solar plant produces and delivers power to the grid
    • Describe how a thermal solar plant produces and supplies steam for use in electrical power generation

    589-05 Solar Energy – Thermal Applications
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain how concentrated solar power can be used to generate electricity. You will also be able to describe the function and operation of the components that make up a functioning solar thermal power generating system.

    • Explain Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and how it is converted to electrical energy
    • Describe a Rankine cycle power plant in relation to CSP
    • Explain the function of the major components in a CSP power plant: Solar collector; Heat transfer medium; Thermal energy storage; Boiler;
    • Turbine generator
    • Describe the following types of solar collectors: Power tower; Parabolic trough
    • Describe the components and explain the operation of a parabolic trough concentrated solar power system
    • Compare stand-alone and integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) plant designs
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    February 2017

    411-04 Motor Control Centers
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the function of MCCs, common components of an MCC, and the difference between common classifications and their associated wiring schemes.

    • Identify the principles of motor controls
    • Identify common motor control power supplies
    • Explain the need for circuit protection
    • Identify common circuit protection devices
    • Identify common components used in motor control centers
    • Identify common National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) wiring classes and types

    416-03 Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS)
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify common power problems that create a need for backup power systems, how UPS systems vary in characteristics, and how each is applicable to particular situations.

    • Identify common power problems negated by UPS systems
    • Describe common UPS types and their characteristics
    • Identify issues affecting UPS battery life
    • Describe the purpose of UPS functionality software
    • Describe common UPS applications

    511-05 Heavy Duty Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the heavy duty gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s basic components and general operation.

    • Discuss factors that drove the creation of the heavy duty gas turbine technology
    • Describe the basic compressed air and hot gas flow paths through the turbine
    • Explain the purpose of the inlet air guide vanes
    • Discuss the relationship between turbine output energy and the compressor energy consumption
    • Explain the purpose of a regenerator
    • Describe the fuel delivery system for a heavy duty gas turbine and its flow paths
    • Describe the lube oil system for a heavy duty gas turbine and how it functions

    511-07 Aero-derivative Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the aero-derivative gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s major components and support systems.

    • Define an aero-derivative gas turbine
    • Describe how an aero-derivative gas turbine is different from its heavy duty counterpart
    • Discuss the basic design of the compressor section
    • Explain the basic purpose of a combustor
    • Describe the fuel delivery system for an aero-derivative gas turbine and its flow paths
    • Describe the lube oil system for an aero-derivative gas turbine and how it functions

    582-05 HRSG - Basic Operating Concerns and Conditions
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the steps to startup and shutdown the HRSG, and the steps to confirm it is operating normally. Additionally, conditions that may cause concern during operation will be covered.

    • Explain important steps during startup, shutdown, and normal operations
    • Explain the need for maintaining steam flow during the startup process
    • State why the operating environment of the HRSG is important
    • Describe why the use of vents and drains ensures steam quality
    • Identify what shutdown conditions would modify the shutdown procedure
    • Recall why and how pressure and temperature affect the life expectancy of the HRSG
    • Explain how pressure is created during the steam production process
    • Explain how pressure and temperature are controlled in the steam systems
    • Define cycling
    • Identify what components are most susceptible to failure when cycling
    • Explain and define:
      • Stress corrosion cracking
      • Fatigue corrosion cracking
      • Thermal fatigue
      • Creep

    589-03 Solar Energy - Photovoltaic
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the purpose of a photovoltaic cell and describe how they can be arranged to form arrays suitable for power generation. You will also be able to describe the common components required to support power generation from photovoltaic systems.

    • Describe the basic construction and operation of a photovoltaic cell
    • Define photovoltaic effect as it relates production of photovoltaic cells
    • Explain Maximum Power Point (MPP) and how voltage, current, and power output are related in a photovoltaic cell
    • Explain how photovoltaic cells are arranged to form modules, panels, and arrays
    • Understand the function of the following equipment related to photovoltaic solar installations:
      • Batteries
      • Inverters
      • Charge controllers
      • Peak-power trackers
      • Mounting hardware
    • Describe and give examples of the following types of photovoltaic applications:
      • Direct coupled
      • Stand-alone
      • Grid-connected
      • Hybrid-connected

    670-03 Introduction to Industrial and Commercial Refrigeration
    When you complete this lesson, you will understand the purpose and function of industrial and commercial refrigeration, how heat transfer and the refrigeration cycle drive the process, and the types of components and refrigerants that may be used in units of this type.

    • Define the purpose of refrigeration
    • Identify the types of industries that use refrigeration
    • Describe the fundamentals of heat transfer
    • Describe the four steps of the basic refrigeration cycle
    • Explain the purpose of the compressor, condenser, metering device, and evaporator
    • Recall the purpose of using different refrigerants in different industrial and commercial operating conditions

    670-06 Chiller Design and Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will know the purpose of an industrial HVAC chiller and understand how its main components work together to remove heat from the system’s refrigerant, allowing the HVAC circuit to provide cool air to the facility. You will also understand how heat exhausted from the chiller can be captured and reused as energy elsewhere at the facility, and you will be familiar with general maintenance recommendations which help keep the chiller operating at peak performance.

    • Explain the role of a chiller in an HVAC circuit
    • State specific conditions under which a water-cooled chiller would be better employed than an air-cooled chiller
    • Sketch the flow paths of chilled water, refrigerant, and cooling water through a water-cooled chiller’s main components; include the following:
      • Evaporator
      • Compressor
      • Condenser
      • Metering Device
      • Cooling tower
    • Give examples of two or more industry standard maintenance operations for industrial chillers and describe the purpose of each
    • Summarize the rationale of capturing heat exhausted by a chiller
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    January 2017

    427-01 Electrical Freeze Protection Components and Application
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the fundamentals of heat-tracing and the methods used in its practice, as well as describe the types of electrical heat-tracing and their internal and external maintenance concerns.

    • Describe the principles and purpose of heat-tracing systems
    • Identify common heat-tracing methods
    • Compare prominent heat-tracing methods
    • Identify types of electrical heat-trace cabling and their characteristics
    • Describe safety and temperature control
    • Describe electrical heat-trace maintenance methods for exterior faults
    • Describe electrical heat-trace maintenance methods for interior faults

    551-10 Air Cooled Condensers
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe basic design principles, structural components, and operating considerations of industrial air cooled condensers. You will also be able to describe the flow of water for condensation of steam in an A-frame air cooled condenser and discuss typical maintenance procedures for ACCs.

    • Discuss the function of an air cooled condenser and its role in the operation of a power plant
    • State the purpose for the A-frame design and finned tubes of commonly employed air cooled condensers
    • Describe the standard structural components of an A-frame air cooled condenser
    • Identify flow paths into and out of an A-frame air cooled condenser
    • Discuss an air cooled condenser’s contribution to efficient power plant operation
    • List common maintenance concerns for A-frame air cooled condensers utilizing finned tubes

    582-03 HRSG – Flow Path and Major Equipment
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and describe the major components and flow paths of a HRSG.

    • Recall the function of a HRSG
    • Describe the purpose of the economizer in a HRSG
    • Describe the purpose of the evaporator in a HRSG
    • Describe the purpose of the steam drum in a HRSG
    • Describe the purpose of the superheater in a HRSG
    • Outline the flow path of the combustion gas through the HRSG
    • Outline the flow path of the water/steam through the HRSG
    • Explain the relationship of water flow vs steam flow

    582-04 HRSG – Auxiliary Equipment and Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify some auxiliary systems that may be found in a HRSG and recall their purpose and benefit to the unit.

    • Recall the purpose of the following systems:
      • Supplementary firing
      • Bleed Air
      • Deaerator
      • Attemperator
      • Sampling
      • Dosing
      • Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
      • CO catalyst
      • Nitrogen
    • Identify the general location of the following systems:
      • Supplementary firing
      • Deaerator
      • Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)
      • CO catalyst
    • Relate the operating conditions in which supplementary firing would be impactful
    • Describe the mechanism by which deaerators fulfill their purpose
    • List some qualities for which analyses are frequently performed in the steam/water cycle
    • State why SCR systems and CO catalyst systems have been put in place
    • Relate what operating conditions a nitrogen system would be used in

    613-04 Electronic Control Systems
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the design and function of typical electronic control systems used in industrial facilities.

    • Identify electronic control system components
    • Describe some precautions taken when using electronic instruments in hazardous environments
    • Identify how some field devices are used in electronic control systems
    • Describe a typical electronic control room layout
    • Identify advantages and disadvantages of electronic control systems
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    December 2016

    417-03 Medium and High Voltage Switchgear
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the technical details associated with construction and operation of high and medium voltage switchgears.

    • Identify the basic theory and design of medium voltage switchgear
    • Identify the basic theory and design of high voltage switchgear
    • Describe the function and interrupting mediums of High Voltage and Medium Voltage operating mechanisms
    • Identify common switching considerations
    • Identify modern Medium Voltage switchgear applications

    417-04 General Switchgear Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify and perform the common tasks and tests related to modern switchgear.

    • Identify general circuit breaker maintenance tasks
    • Identify tasks associated with standard operating mechanism maintenance
    • Identify tasks associated with hydraulic and pneumatic operating mechanism maintenance
    • Describe the three common electrical tests conducted on large circuit breakers

    417-05 Switchgear Specific Maintenance Procedures
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to complete breaker specific maintenance tasks in order to maximize breaker life and maintain system stability.

    • Identify shared maintenance tasks associated with air-magnetic and vacuum breakers
    • Identify specific maintenance tasks related to air-magnetic circuit breakers
    • Identify specific maintenance tasks related to vacuum circuit breakers
    • Identify specific maintenance tasks related to oil circuit breakers
    • Identify specific maintenance tasks related to gas-blast circuit breakers
    • Identify specific maintenance tasks related to air-blast circuit breakers

    417-06 Circuit Breaker Time Travel
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the purpose and principles of circuit breaker time-travel testing and explain the processes associated with conducting the three types of time-travel testing.

    • Identify the purpose of time-travel testing
    • Identify the principles of time-travel testing
    • Identify the characteristics of circuit breaker time
    • Identify the characteristics of circuit breaker travel
    • Identify equipment used in circuit breaker time-travel testing
    • Compare operating processes of drop bar, light beam and digital timer/analyzer recorders
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    November 2016

    350-11 Protection System Misoperation and Maintenance
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to define the term Misoperation, and identify conditions registering as such.

    • Describe the two aspects of protection system design
    • Describe the process of analyzing Protection System Misoperation
    • Describe the process of developing and implementing a Corrective Action Plan (CAP)
    • Identify evidence required to prove compliance with CAP procedures
    • Explain Responsible Entity compliance with PRC-004-2.1(i)a
    • Describe the timelines for identifying the cause of a Misoperation for compliance with PRC-004-4(i)
    • Identify the facilities subject to regulation of PRC-005-2(i)
    • Explain Functional Entity compliance with PRC-005-2(i)

    350-12 Protection Systems Maintenance Programs
    When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify protection system terminology and assets and comply with applicable NERC standards.

    • Discuss basic terminology associated with protection system maintenance programs
    • Discuss critical considerations of Protections Systems Maintenance
    • Discuss the fundamentals of Protection Systems Maintenance Programs
    • Identify and discuss the three types of Protection System Maintenance Programs
    • Identify and discuss common Protection System Maintenance practices