Combustion Turbine Fundamentals Training

511-01 Gas Turbine Fundamentals and Configuration of Generating Facilities

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss basic design of a simple cycle power plant and the function and operation of its fundamental piece of equipment, the combustion turbine.

  • Recall the basic layout of a simple cycle and combined cycle generation facilities
  • Explain the Brayton Cycle and supporting principles as they relate to the basic operation of a gas turbine compressor
  • List the components of a typical combustion turbine package and discuss the function of each
  • Explain the basics of the fuel system
  • Describe the purpose of the lube oil system
  • Recognize the importance of temperature monitoring and identify heat’s potential for system damage

511-02 Introduction to the GE LM Series Gas Turbine

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic components that comprise GE’s LM series of gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic compressed air and hot gas flow paths through each type of LM gas turbine.

  • Define gas turbine
  • Identify the four LM series gas turbines that comprise the GE medium sized gas turbine fleet
  • Discuss the basic design of an axial flow compressor
  • Explain the basic purpose of a combustor
  • Identify two basic power turbine designs

511-03 Introduction to GE Frame Series Gas Turbines

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the F-series of gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the Frame 7 gas turbine’s basic components and general operation.

  • Discuss factors that drove the creation of the F-series gas turbine technology
  • Identify the primary differences between the Frame 7 gas turbine and its predecessors
  • Describe the basic compressed air and hot gas flow paths through the Frame 7 gas turbine
  • Explain the purpose of the inlet air guide vanes
  • Discuss the relationship between turbine output energy and the compressor energy consumption
  • Explain the purpose of a regenerator

511-04 Introduction to the Siemens V-Series Gas Turbine

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic components comprising the Siemens Westinghouse V-series gas turbines. In addition, you will be able to identify the basic compressed air and hot gas flow paths through the V94.3 gas turbine.

  • Explain the overall function of a gas turbine
  • Describe the basic design of an axial flow compressor
  • Identify the primary purpose of a combustion chamber
  • Identify the purpose of a turbine

511-05 Heavy Duty Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the heavy duty gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s basic components and general operation.

  • Discuss factors that drove the creation of the heavy duty gas turbine technology
  • Describe the basic compressed air and hot gas flow paths through the turbine
  • Explain the purpose of the inlet air guide vanes
  • Discuss the relationship between turbine output energy and the compressor energy consumption
  • Explain the purpose of a regenerator
  • Describe the fuel delivery system for a heavy duty gas turbine and its flow paths
  • Describe the lube oil system for a heavy duty gas turbine and how it functions

511-07 Aero-derivative Gas Turbines – Major Components and Support Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the motivation behind the development of the aero-derivative gas turbine. In addition, you will be able to describe the gas turbine’s major components and support systems.

  • Define an aero-derivative gas turbine
  • Describe how an aero-derivative gas turbine is different from its heavy duty counterpart
  • Discuss the basic design of the compressor section
  • Explain the basic purpose of a combustor
  • Describe the fuel delivery system for an aero-derivative gas turbine and its flow paths
  • Describe the lube oil system for an aero-derivative gas turbine and how it functions

511-10 Fundamentals of Gas Turbine Operation and Routine Maintenance

When you complete this lesson, you will be familiar with several common procedures for operating and maintaining a combustion turbine (CT) as well as some conditions that require emergency procedures.

  • Describe pre-start up maintenance/inspection, and windmilling parameters
  • Describe the basic startup process for a combustion turbine (CT)
  • Describe the basics of swapping fuel types, and the risks involved
  • Explain how the environment affects the CT (high and low temperature, barometric pressure, etc.)
  • Identify emergency procedures and the conditions in which they would be implemented
  • Explain the purpose of a water wash
  • Explain what a load commutated inverter is and how it communicates with the exciter to start a combustion turbine

511-11 Gas turbine Control Schemes

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify common control schemes, gas turbine compressor startup and shutdown operations, and exhaust control on both simple cycle and combined cycle exhausts.

  • Identify critical operating parameters
  • Recall the flame detection and protection systems
  • Identify simple cycle exhaust control measures
  • Identify combined cycle exhaust control components
  • Identify startup sequence steps
  • Identify shutdown sequence steps

511-12 Gas Turbine Fuel and Combustion Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify common fuel and combustion system components and their functions.

  • Identify types of fuels used in gas turbine compressors
  • Recall gaseous fuel system components and operations
  • Describe fuel oil skid system components and operations
  • Identify components on the fuel oil forwarding skid
  • Recall facts pertaining to combustion section designs

511-13 Gas Turbine Lube Oil and Control Oil Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify common lube oil system components and operations as well as control oil system components and operations.

  • Identify lube oil system components
  • Recall lube oil system operation
  • Select control oil system components
  • Identify control oil system operation

511-14 Gas Turbine Air Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be familiar with several subsystems of the air system of the gas turbine compressor.

  • Identify the major components of the gas turbine air inlet system
  • Identify the function of air inlet components
  • Describe the construction air inlet filters
  • Recall advantages of a self-cleaning air filter
  • Explain facts pertaining to the self-cleaning air filters
  • Identify cooling and sealing air operations
  • Describe simple cycle exhaust components
  • Describe combined cycle exhaust components

511-15 Gas Turbine Water Wash and Drain Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be familiar with several subsystems of the water and drain systems of the gas turbine compressor.

  • Identify steam/water system components and operations
  • Identify the turbine water wash system operations
  • Describe case and exhaust drain functions