Power Generation Training

501-01 Energy Conversion

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe how energy from fossil and renewable fuels is captured and converted into electrical energy. In addition, you will be able to discuss efficiency and the role it plays in energy conversions.

  • Define energy
  • Describe the difference between renewable and non-renewable energy sources
  • Describe the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy
  • Describe the three basic energy conversions taking place in a fossil fuel-fired power plant
  • Identify benefits and desirable features of fossil fuel-fired units
  • Define efficiency
  • Describe losses and efficiency related to fossil fuel-fired power plants

501-02 Steam Turbine Basics

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the basic operation of a typical power plant’s steam turbine and identify the functions of its critical components.

  • Describe the role of the steam turbine in power plant operations
  • Describe the basic design of turbine rotor bearings
  • Identify the purpose of the stationary blades
  • Identify the function of the main steam stop valves
  • Describe the purpose of the steam chest and control valves
  • Identify the primary function of the turbine lube oil system
  • Describe the role of the emergency lube oil pump

501-03 Combustion System Component Overview

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the equipment used to prepare and control natural gas, fuel oil, and coal as it is burned in the boiler. In addition, you will be able to identify some advantages and disadvantages of using each type of fuel in a power plant.

  • Describe the basic components used in a combustion system that uses natural gas
  • Identify advantages and disadvantages of using natural gas as the primary fuel source for the boiler
  • Describe the basic components used in a combustion system that uses fuel oil
  • Identify advantages and disadvantages of using fuel oil as the primary fuel source for the boiler
  • Describe the basic components used in a combustion system that uses coal
  • Identify advantages and disadvantages of using coal as the primary fuel source for the boiler

501-04 Boiler Water and Steam Cycle Overview

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe where boiler water comes from and how it enters and flows through a boiler. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic flow path the steam follows from the boiler to the steam turbine.

  • Explain the purpose of a hotwell
  • Describe the role low pressure condensate heaters and high pressure feedwater heaters play in the boiler water cycle
  • Explain the purpose of a deaerator
  • Describe the basic design of a water tube boiler
  • Explain the purpose of a steam drum
  • Explain the purpose of the primary superheater and secondary superheater

501-05 Generator Overview

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the relationship between electrical usage and generator output. In addition, you will be able to explain the basic principles of producing electricity using an electromagnet.

  • Define the term megawatt/hour
  • Explain how electricity usage is measured in a typical household
  • Describe the purpose of the electromagnet in a generator
  • Describe the purpose of the generator stator
  • Explain what is meant by three-phase power
  • Describe the role of an exciter