Reciprocating Engine Power Plants Training

586-01 Introduction to Reciprocating Engine Power Plants

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the operation of a reciprocating engine and describe the common configurations in which it can be used in power generation facilities.

  • Define reciprocating engine
  • Describe the basic operation of a reciprocating engine
  • Explain the role of reciprocating engines in large-scale power generation
  • Describe the typical layout of a stand-alone reciprocating engine power plant
  • Explain why reciprocating engines are incorporated into existing power plants
  • Describe the use of cogeneration in a reciprocating engine power plant

586-03 Fundamentals of Reciprocating Engine Design

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the major types of reciprocating engines and their fuel sources. You will also be able to describe the function of the major components of a reciprocating engine as applied to power generation.

  • Describe the operation of liquid fuel-ignited and spark-ignited (Otto Cycle) reciprocating engines
  • Describe the operation of a compression-ignited (Diesel Cycle) reciprocating engine
  • List the types of fuels commonly used in reciprocating engines
  • Describe common reciprocating engine fuel systems, including the following components:
    • Fuel pumps
    • Gas ramps
    • Fuel rack
  • Explain the operation of a dual-fuel (DF) reciprocating engine
  • Describe the function of the following reciprocating engine components:
    • Turbocharger
    • Compressed Air Systems
    • Cooling Water Pumps
    • Lube Oil Pumps

586-05 Reciprocating Engine Auxiliary Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the operation of the major systems commonly found in a reciprocating engine power plant and describe their major components.

  • Explain the operation of the fuel systems for liquid and gas-fueled reciprocating engines
  • Describe the major components of a typical reciprocating engine lube oil system
  • Explain the function of compressed air systems in a reciprocating engine power plant
  • Describe the operation of the high-temperature (HT) and low-temperature (LT) cooling water circuits
  • Explain the purpose of the charge air and exhaust gas system
  • Describe the function of a steam generating system as it relates to a reciprocating engine power plant

586-06 Reciprocating Engine Electrical and Control Systems

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain the electrical control modes used to maintain engine speed and the control systems used for starting, stopping, and maintaining safe engine operation.

  • Describe how automatic and manual control modes affect generator operations
  • Explain the speed droop mode of engine control
  • Explain the isochronous mode of engine control
  • Explain the kW control mode of engine control
  • Describe the engine starting circuit permissive logic
  • List the conditions which may result in an automatic engine shutdown/auto-stop
  • List the conditions which may result in an engine load reduction

586-07 Reciprocating Engine Operations

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the steps to startup and shutdown a reciprocating engine, and the steps to confirm it is operating normally.
Additionally, some special operating conditions will be covered.

  • Explain the pre-startup checks performed as part of the reciprocating engine startup process
  • Describe the importance of slow-turning a reciprocating engine
  • Describe the conditions monitored during normal reciprocating engine operation
  • Explain the adverse effects of low-load operation on a reciprocating engine
  • Describe the methods of performing a reciprocating engine shutdown
  • Describe the conditions required to maintain a reciprocating engine in standby

586-09 Generator Control in Reciprocating Engine Power Plants

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to explain generator operation modes and the methods used to control generator output voltage. You will also be able to describe ways the automatic generator control system regulates loading and protects against faults on the generator output.

  • Describe the following generator voltage regulator control modes:
    • Power factor
    • Voltage droop
    • Voltage droop compensation
  • Explain voltage droop in relation to a generator excitation control system
  • List the conditions that must be met before the generator can be synchronized with the grid
  • List the conditions which may result in a generator breaker trip

586-11 Reciprocating Engine General Inspection

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to identify the general inspection requirements, the components involved, and how to remove them for further inspection and overhaul.

  • Identify the cost benefits of performing preventive maintenance
  • Define general inspection in relation to reciprocating engine maintenance
  • Recall engine components removed for a general inspection
  • Describe maintenance procedures for removing components during a general inspection