Industrial Sciences Training

171-01 Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe the various components of an atom and discuss atomic theory. You will also be able to explain how chemical bonds are formed and describe the two most common types of chemical bonding.

  • Define the terms nucleus, proton, electron, and neutron
  • Describe the makeup of electron shells
  • Outline Dalton’s Atomic Theory
  • Discuss the chemical makeup of molecules and compounds and explain how they differ from mixtures
  • Describe how an ionic bond is formed
  • Describe how a covalent bond is formed
  • Explain the Octet Rule

171-02 Introduction to the Periodic Table of Elements

When you complete this lesson, you will understand how elements are named, grouped, and listed on the periodic table.

  • Discuss the history of the periodic table of elements
  • Describe the role elements play in chemistry
  • Explain the importance of an element’s atomic weight, atomic number, and symbol
  • Discuss how electrons in the outer shell of an atom relate to chemical reactions and bonding
  • Describe the organizational pattern of the periodic table of elements and list classifications of elements

171-03 Chemical Formulas, Reactions, and Solubility

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe different types of chemical formulas and chemical reactions. In addition, you will be able to discuss components and characteristics of solutions.

  • Describe the notation of various types of chemical formulas
  • List the four common types of chemical reactions
  • Identify the function of a catalyst
  • Explain the difference between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions
  • Describe the relationship between a solute and a solvent
  • Identify factors that can affect solubility
  • Explain what is meant by the saturation point of a solution

171-04 Introduction to Hydrocarbon Chemistry

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to discuss the molecular structure, physical properties, naming conventions, and commercial uses of several common hydrocarbons.

  • Compare the definitions of petroleum and crude oil
  • Relate the physical states of hydrocarbons to their carbon content
  • Discuss how covalent bonds are formed between hydrogen and carbon
  • Explain the use of base names, prefixes, and suffixes to label hydrocarbons
  • Describe and compare the structures of the following hydrocarbon families:
    • Paraffins
    • Napthenes
    • Aromatics
    • Olefins
    • Alkynes
  • Identify correlations between physical properties of a hydrocarbon and the hydrocarbon’s molecular structure
  • List some contaminants commonly found in crude oil and discuss their adverse effects on oil refining

171-05 Chemical Equations

When you complete this lesson, you will have the knowledge necessary to write and balance chemical formulas and equations.

  • Identify reactants, reaction products, and reaction arrows
  • Identify atoms and molecules in a chemical equation
  • Define polyatomic ions and diatomic molecules
  • Identify balanced and unbalanced equations
  • Balance a chemical equation

171-10 Introduction to Physics – Force and Motion

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to describe terms and types of force as they pertain to classical physics. In addition, you will be able to explain Newton’s laws involving motion and perform basic calculations using these laws.

  • Explain the concept of vectors
  • Compare scalar and vector quantities
  • Describe Newton’s three laws of motion
  • Explain the universal law of gravitation
  • Explain the concept of momentum
  • Discuss the relationship between mass and weight
  • Describe different types of force
  • Use Newton’s laws of motion to calculate force, weight, acceleration, velocity, and momentum
  • Discuss the use of the Newton as a unit of measure

171-11 Introduction to Physics – Energy, Work, and Power

When you complete this lesson, you will be able to define different types of energy, work, and power. You will also be able to use formulas to calculate potential energy, kinetic energy, work done, and power used.

  • Compare potential and kinetic energy
  • Perform calculations involving potential and kinetic energy
  • Describe relationships between energy, work, and power
  • Calculate the amount of work performed in example scenarios
  • Explain the law of conservation of energy
  • Perform calculations involving power