NERC reliability standards define the reliability requirements for planning and operating the North American bulk power system. NERC’s ANSI-accredited standards development process is defined in the Standard Processes Manual and is guided by reliability and market interface principles. The Reliability Functional Model defines the functions that need to be performed to ensure the bulk electric system operates reliably, and is the foundation upon which the reliability standards are based. Standards Drafting Teams, made up of industry volunteers and supported by NERC staff, work collaboratively to develop requirements using results-based principles that focusing on three areas: measurable performance, risk mitigation strategies, and entity capabilities.

Continuing education hours for the following:

Continuing Education Hour (CEH) Total
(July 31, 2020)


Training Areas

  • Electrical Distribution System Fundamentals
  • Distribution System Components and Application
  • Elements of System Protection
  • Types of Protective Relays
  • Line Protection
  • Transformer Protection
  • Bus Protection
  • Generator Protection
  • Protection by Load Shedding
  • Frequency Response and Bias
  • Automatic Generation Control
  • Balancing Applications
  • Basic Power System Mathematics
  • Demand Side Management Programs
  • Communication and Coordination
  • Power System Dispatching
  • Load Shedding Plans
  • Effects of Generation and Transmission Loss
  • Emergency Policies and Procedures
  • Emergency Reserves
  • Critical Systems Loss
  • Line Load Shedding and Relief
  • Power System Restoration Philosophies
  • Prioritizing System Restoration
  • Black Start Restoration and Stability
  • Bulk Power System Restoration
  • Islanding and Synchronizing Operations
  • Station Regulations
  • Stability of Interconnected Systems
  • The Effects of Deregulation
  • Power Market Operations
  • Transactions and Coordination on Power Systems
  • Transmission Operations Planning
  • Transmission Operations
  • Function of the Operator
  • Operator Communication Responsibilities
  • Frequency and Tie-Line Power Flow Control
  • Voltage and Reactive Control
  • VAR Flows During Emergencies

NERC Content Domains

Resource and Demand Balance


Emergency Preparedness and Operations


System Operations


Interchange Scheduling and Coordination


Transmission Operations


Protection and Control


Voltage and Reactive


Interconnection Reliability Operations and Coordination




Critical Infrastructure Protection